Category Archives: Cloning

How To Use A Seedling Heat Mat For Germination & Cloning

Warmth is a requirement when it comes to germinating seeds. When gardening indoors or out of season, it is often outside of the desired temperature range needed to start the germination process. Using a seedling heat mat, you can replicate the warming of spring that sends seeds popping to the sky.

What Is A Seedling Heat Mat?

A seedling heat mat is an electric mat that is placed under your seed or cutting tray.  It will typically warm the root area to anywhere between 10-20 degrees above the room temperature.

How Do You Use A Seedling Heat Mat For Seed Germination & Cloning?

  • Start off by finding a stable surface. Make sure you place the mat somewhere away from water and hydroponic reservoirs. Water and electricity do not mix. Avoid placing on a cold surface such as a concrete floor. This will direct the heat more towards the colder surface and less towards your seed or cutting tray.
  • Place your clone or seed try on the seedling heat mat and plug it in. The heating mat will heat up 10-20 degrees on its own and stay in that range. There are also outlet adapters you can purchase that monitor the temperature then will automatically shut on and off to stay in the desired temperature range.
  • Place a dome over your seedlings or cuttings. This will help to retain moisture, raising the humidity, increasing the success of germination and health of root production.
  • Remove tray from heat pad when roots begin touching tray. Be careful not to overheat the roots and damage the plant.


How To Clone A Plant Using Hydroponics

Have you ever wished you could replicate that one perfect plant in your garden? Then you need to know how to clone a plant.  A plant clone is a shoot that is cut off a plant that is then used to grow a new plant. The plant clone grows with the exact same characteristics of the mother plant, so you know exactly what you’re getting.

I wanted to make some extra money to help with gardening expenses and know that nice looking mums can go between $5 to $15. After doing some research I found that starting mums from seeds wasn’t the easiest. It was recommended that I start new plants using plant clones. I just so happened I had an excellent mum plant decorating our home so I decided to share how to make cuttings to clone a plant.

Items Needed To Clone A Plant Using Hydroponics

To clone a plant you’re going to first need to gather a few things:

  • A healthy plant with shoots
  • A Sterile cutting tool (clean razor blades or a clean pair of scissors)
  • Something to start the clones in.
  • Rooting gel (optional)

How to clone a plant

Using hydroponic methods are probably the easiest way to clone a plant. I’m using a clone box that I made with some spare stuff I had and some leftover net pots. There are many ways to clone a plant and several ways to clone a plant hydroponically. Using this method, the plants will be suspended in oxygen rich nutrient water.

Steps To Using Hydroponics To Clone A Plant

1From your mother plant, cut away the number of shoots equal to the number of clones you’ll be taking. For this, I will be taking shoots least 5 inches in long. Some branches may have multiple shoots you can take for clones.

3If you’re using a branch,  cut off the shoots, then trim them all down to about 5 inches. Angle your cut to expose more of the inner stem. Pinch off any bottom leaves towards the bottom of the stem.

4To prevent contamination do not dip the cutting stem directly into your root gel container. I like to use a spoon and dip out some rooting gel to just use off the spoon. Dip the cutting into the rooting gel and place it into your grow medium.

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How Long Does It Take To Clone A Plant?

After about 2 weeks, some of the plant clones have started to show sign of root growth. When roots finally start to show, the process of root formation moves pretty quickly. When a good root system forms, it’s time to transplant them into some dirt and put them up for sale. With this method, I’m able to see the roots forming, whereas with other methods you have to wait for the root system to show through the grow medium.

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A plant cutting 14 days after being started.

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The same cutting 2 days later.